EAC Secretariat remains impartial in Burundi Dialogue
The East African Community Secretariat has noted with concern an opinion article titled “Mfumukeko and EAC Summit have failed the test of impartiality on Burundi crisis,” as published in the April 22 -28, 2017 edition of the East African newspaper.
The writer, Mr. Wachira Maina, imputes possible bias on the part of the Summit of the EAC Heads of State and the EAC Secretary General, Amb. Liberat Mfumukeko, in the ongoing Inter-Burundi Dialogue whose Facilitator is former Tanzanian President, H.E. Benjamin William Mkapa.
To set the record straight, the EAC remains an impartial arbiter in the Inter-Burundi Dialogue. The Community is prepared to work with all stakeholders in a structured manner to ensure the success of the Dialogue and lasting peace in Burundi, and by extension, the entire East African region.
The EAC Secretary General never dismissed the report of the Special Adviser to the UN Secretary General on Conflict Prevention, Amb. Jamal Benomar, to the UN Security Council. Rather, he only stated that the EAC Secretariat did not participate in the preparation of the said report.
It is therefore not clear how the SG’s clarification on the matter draws the EAC into the Republic of Burundi’s alleged quarrels with the UN as the writer claims.
The EAC Heads of State Summit at their 17th Ordinary Meeting affirmed that H.E. Yoweri Museveni, President of the Republic of Uganda, was the Community’s appointed Mediator for the Inter-Burundi Dialogue. The Summit also appointed a team under H.E. Mkapa, as the Facilitator of the Mediation.
Mr. Maina is therefore right to say that the EAC is actively mediating the Burundi peace process. However, he misses the point when he claims that the ‘EAC is also partnering with the African Union and the UN in a joint technical working group on the conflict.’ The Secretariat wishes to make it clear that no ‘joint technical working group’ has formally been established so far between the EAC, AU and UN. However, the EAC, AU and UN are in consultations to set up a joint working mechanism for the dialogue.
The EAC Secretary General has not at any time spoken on behalf of the Burundi government as the writer claims. Amb. Mfumukeko has since his appointment as Secretary General of the EAC never commented on the relationship between the government and the opposition groups in Burundi, the country’s political situation, and security situation in Burundi. It is therefore inaccurate for the writer to say that the Secretary General is receiving instructions from any Partner State as the writer appears to insinuate.
Prior to his appointment as Secretary General, Amb. Mfumukeko was a high ranking bureaucrat in the government of Burundi. It is worth noting that all previous Secretaries General of the Community have served at the apex levels of their governments back home either as Cabinet Ministers or top civil servants before nomination by their Heads of State to serve in this office.
As to why Burundi was allowed to nominate a Secretary General to the Community, the writer would do himself some justice by reading the Treaty for the Establishment of the EAC in full rather than just selectively. Article 66 of the Treaty provides that the Secretary General shall be appointed by the Summit upon nomination by the relevant Head of State under the principle of rotation. The Secretary General shall serve for a fixed term of five years.
The writer acknowledges in his article that he’s not clear what the Secretary General’s alleged criticism of Amb. Benomar’s report to the UN Security Council was all about. It would be in the best interests of the writer’s audience and the people of East Africa if the writer had carried out proper background research on what the Secretary General actually said before lunging into blatant attacks and accusations against the Office of the Secretary General and the Summit.
The Burundi Dialogue is still on course and is not a lost cause as the writer implies. No one dreamed it would be a walk in the park given the country’s chequered history. The EAC Secretariat has and will continue to provide moral and material support to the Facilitator, H.E. Benjamin Mkapa. We trust that the Dialogue will result in a genuine and lasting for the people of Burundi.
Done at Arusha, Tanzania this 25th day of April 2017
East African Community
EAC Close, Afrika Mashariki Road
P.O. Box 1096
United Republic of Tanzania
Tel: +255 (0)27 216 2100
Fax: +255 (0)27 216 2190
Email: eac [at] eachq.org